ANDRILL: ANtarctic geological DRILLing
All about Antarctica btn
Related Programs
Check out ANDRILL related programs that have been or are still in operation.
US - NSF Office of Polar Programs (OPP) & United States Antarctic Program (USAP)
The Office of Polar Programs (OPP) manages and initiates National Science Foundation funding for basic research and its operational support in the Arctic and the Antarctic. The funds are provided as NSF grants to institutions (mainly U.S. universities), whose scientists perform the research at the institutions or in a polar region, and as cooperative agreements or contracts to support organizations including contractors and the U.S. military.
OPP supports individual investigators or research teams and U.S. participation in multinational projects. Projects can involve investigators from many disciplines and institutions over several years. Organizationally, OPP has two science sections, one each for the Arctic and the Antarctic. A third section manages the provision of logistics and support operations including field stations, camps, and laboratories. The United States is a leading nation in polar science, and research results have global significance. As well, the polar regions intrigue the public and provide opportunities for educational enrichment.
>> Learn more about the USAP
>> Learn more about the NSF OPP
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar & Marine Research (AWI)
Polar and marine research are central themes of global system and environmental science. The Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany’s leading institute for polar and marine research, conducts research in the Arctic, the Antarctic and at temperate latitudes. It coordinates polar research in Germany and provides both the necessary equipment and the essential logistical back up for polar expeditions.
Recent additional research themes include North Sea Research, contributions to Marine Biological Monitoring, Marine Pollution Research, investigation of naturally occuring marine substances, and technical marine developments.
>> Learn more about the Alfred Wegener Institute
Antarctic Climate Evolution (ACE)
ACE is an international research initiative that has grown out of the ANTOSTRAT (ANTarctic Offshore STRATigraphy) project. ANTOSTRAT was sanctioned by SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research) in 1996, to reconstruct the paleoclimatic and glacial history of the Antarctic region from the study of the sedimentary record surrounding the continent. The ANTOSTRAT program officially came to an end in July, 2002.
The goal of ACE is to continue the study of Antarctic climate and glacial history, through paleoclimate and ice sheet modeling studies, purposefully integrated with geological investigations of the proxy record of ancient Antarctic climates and ice sheets. ACE is now an official SCAR program.
>> Learn more about the ACE program
Antarctic Ice Margin Evolution (ANTIME)
Studies in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are critically important to our understanding of global climate and environmental variability. Several current issues, such as the continuing depletion of stratospheric ozone, the partial disintegration of ice-shelves, and uncertainties in Antarctic ice-sheet mass-balance and potential impact on sea-level, highlight the importance of the region. Regional properties and processes have important global consequences, from atmospheric composition to ocean circulation.
In addition, the region is also susceptible to change in our global environment, potentially giving rise to strong feedbacks which could accelerate climatic change. Models of global climate predict the greatest changes at high latitudes. Evidence for the region’s involvement in the global environmental system are captured in natural archives such as ice and sediment. Records retrieved from these archives reveal the frequency and magnitude of natural climate variability over long timescales, prior to the few decades of direct observation.
Antarctic Neotectonics (ANTEC)
At the SCAR XXV meeting in Concepcion, Chile, Prof. Dalziel, IUGS Delegate, presented to Delegates a joint recommendation from the Working Groups on Geology, on Solid-Earth Geophysics, and on Geodesy and Geographic Information, that SCAR should establish a new Group of Specialists on Antarctic Neotectonics (ANTEC). The goal of the ANTEC program is to improve understanding of the unique character of the neotectonic regime of the Antarctic plate.
>> Learn more about the ANTEC program
Antarctica New Zealand
Antarctica New Zealand (ANZ) was established under The New Zealand Antarctic Institute Act 1996 and is responsible for developing, managing, and administering New Zealand’s activities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, particularly the Ross Sea region. They are also responsible for enhancing New Zealand scientific research, and providing sound environmental stewardship.
In addition to supporting scientific research through logistics planning and scholarships, ANZ runs arts, media and education programs. These increase public awareness and appreciation of Antarctica and it’s conservation values. ANZ is responsible for the year-round management of Scott Base, one of the first bases to be established in Antarctica. Scott Base provides services and accommodation for the many research parties and groups who visit Antarctica during the Austral summer.
>> Learn more about Antarctica New Zealand
The British Antarctic Survey
The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is a component of the Natural Environment Research Council. Based in Cambridge UK, for almost 60 years, it has undertaken the majority of Britain’s scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. BAS supports three stations in the Antarctic, at Rothera, Halley and Signy, and two stations on South Georgia, at King Edward Point and Bird Island.
The Antarctic operations and science programs are executed and managed from Cambridge, and rely on a wide-ranging team of professional staff.
>> Learn more about the British Antarctic Survey
The Cape Roberts Project
The Cape Roberts Project is a cooperative venture between scientists, administrators and Antarctic support personnel from 7 countries - Australia, Britain, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand and the United States of America. It was set up to investigate the early history of the East Antarctic ice sheet and the West Antarctic Rift System by coring sedimentary strata near the edge of the present ice sheet and close to the Transantarctic Mountains. The project collected sediment core from three drillholes drilled from fast ice in McMurdo Sound in 1997, 1998, and 1999.
>> Learn more about the Cape Roberts Project
European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA)
EPICA is a multinational European project for deep ice core drilling in Antarctica. Its main objective is to obtain full documentation of the climatic and atmospheric record archived in Antarctic ice by drilling and analyzing two ice cores and comparing these with their Greenland counterparts.
Evaluation of these records will provide information about the natural climate variability and mechanisms of rapid climatic changes during the last glacial epoch.
>> Learn more about the EPICA project
The scientific community interested in sampling polar ice sheets and their substrata has been growing recently and now incorporates biologists, geologists, and glaciologists. This multidisciplinary interest is opening new research frontiers. Significantly advancing our scientific understanding along many of these frontiers will require targeted sampling strategies and the acquisition of data from arrays of deep access holes on multiple spatial scales ranging from local to continent-wide.
Recent advances in drilling technology may allow the development of a mobile drilling system capable of rapidly drilling arrays of boreholes through the 3-4 km thick polar ice sheets (Clow and Koci, 2000). A fast mechanical-access drill for polar glaciology, paleoclimatology, geology, tectonics, and biology: Mem. Natl. Inst. Polar Res., v. 56). Scientific applications that would be possible with a fast-access drilling system include, but would not be restricted to: sampling of subglacial geology, both glacially-related strata and bedrock; investigation of basal conditions and their control on ice sliding; geothermal heat flow measurements; providing access to subglacial lakes; detection of life in deep ice through sampling and borehole logging; site selection for deep ice cores; logging climate proxies with geophysical instruments; borehole paleothermometry; and ice rheology studies.
>> Learn more about the FASTDRILL project
Geodynamic Process at Rifting and Subducting Margins (GeoPRISMS)
GeoPRISMS is the legacy of the NSF MARGINS Program. It is a decadal program, funded by NSF, committed to the amphibious study of the origin and evolution of continental margins through interdisciplinary, community-based investigations. This website will serve as a rich resource for researchers, educators, and the general public about ongoing activities within GeoPRISMS. Please check back often as we continue to build the website over the next few weeks to months to years.
>> Learn more about GeoPRISMS
Global Change and the Antarctic Continent (GLOCHANT)
GLOCHANT includes nine projects that cover physical studies on the ocean-ice-atmosphere system, palaeoenvironmental studies, and ecological studies on impacts and biogeochemistry. The SCAR global change programme has an ongoing interaction with the World Climate Research Programme and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. This relationship promotes Antarctic global change studies, and relates these to other regional and global studies.
>> Learn more about the GLOCHANT project
The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP)
IODP is an international marine research program that explores Earth’s history and structure recorded in seafloor sediments and rocks, and monitors subseafloor environments. IODP builds upon the earlier successes of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), which revolutionized our view of Earth history and global processes through ocean basin exploration.
IODP greatly expands the reach of these previous programs by using multiple drilling platforms, including riser, riserless, and mission-specific, to achieve its scientific goals.
>> Learn more about IODP
The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP)
ICDP is a multinational program to further and fund Geosciences in the field of Continental Scientific Drilling. Scientific Drilling is a critical tool in understanding of Earth processes and structure. It provides direct insight into Earth processes and critically tests geological models. Results obtained from drilling projects at critical sites can be applied to other areas worldwide.
It is, therefore, believed that international cooperation in continental scientific drilling is an essential component for a responsible management strategy for the Earth’s natural resources and environment. Currently Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Poland, South Africa and U.S.A. are members through national funding organizations or major research institutions. In addition, UNESCO, and Schlumberger Inc. are Corporate Affiliates, IODP is an associated member.
>> Learn more about ICDP
International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)
IGBP's mission is to deliver scientific knowledge to help human societies develop in harmony with Earth's environment. Our scientific objective is to describe and understand the interactive physical, chemical and biological processes that regulate the total Earth System, the unique environment that it provides for life, the changes that are occurring in this system, and the manner in which they are influenced by human actions.
>> Learn more about IGBP
International Polar Year (IPY)
A concerted worldwide effort is underway to plan scientific and educational activities for the upcoming International Polar Year (IPY). Scheduled to officially begin in March 2007, IPY promises to advance our understanding of how the Earth’s remote polar regions impact global climate systems, to bring about fundamental advances in many areas of science, and to fire the enthusiasm of young men and women for future careers in science and engineering.
>> Learn more about the IPY
Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI)
KOPRI is operating King Sejong Station in Antarctic and Dasan Station in Arctic. It is actively participating in several relevant international organizations such as the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties (ATCP), the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research and the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), and become recognized internationally by publishing research achievements in prominent international journals.
>> Learn more about KOPRI
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
NERC is the UK's main agency for funding and managing research, training and knowledge exchange in the environmental sciences. NERC's work covers the full range of atmospheric, Earth, biological, terrestrial and aquatic science, from the deep oceans to the upper atmosphere and from the poles to the equator.
We coordinate some of the world's most exciting research projects, tackling major issues such as climate change, environmental influences on human health, the genetic make-up of life on Earth, and much more. Working internationally, NERC has bases at some of the most hostile places on the planet.
>>Learn more about NERC
Past Global Changes (PAGES)
PAGES supports research aimed at understanding the Earth's past environment in order to make predictions for the future. We encourage international and interdisciplinary collaborations and seek to involve scientists from developing countries in the worldwide paleo-community. PAGES’ scope of interest includes the physical climate system, biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem processes, biodiversity, and human dimensions, on different time scales- Pleistocene, Holocene, last millennium and the recent past.
PAGES, founded in 1991, is a core project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP) and is funded by the U.S. and Swiss National Science Foundations, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It is overseen by a Scientific Steering Committee comprised of members chosen to represent the major techniques and disciplines, while at the same time providing regional geographic representation.
>> Learn more about PAGES
São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)
São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) is an independent public foundation with the mission to foster research and the scientific and technological development of the State of São Paulo.
>> Learn more about FAPESP
Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
SCAR, an inter-disciplinary committee of the International Council for Science (ICSU). SCAR is charged with initiating, developing and coordinating high-quality international scientific research in the Antarctic region, and on the role of the Antarctic region in the Earth system. The scientific business of SCAR is conducted by its Standing Scientific Groups, which represent the scientific disciplines active in Antarctic research and report to SCAR.
>> Learn more about SCAR
Shallow Drilling on the Antarctic Continental Margin (SHALDRIL)
SHALDRIL is a marine geological research program with the goal of recovering sediment cores from the Antarctic shelf by drilling from an ice breaker. This approach will enable the recovery of important stratigraphics data and dating seismic sequences on the Antarctic continental shelf. The principal objective of this initial drilling leg is to test the drilling system using the RV/IB N.B. Palmer, but the core acquired will have immense scientific value.
The targets include Tertiary strata that should record climate change and cryosphere evolution in the Antarctic Peninsula region, and the faunal and floral changes associated with these events. Other drill sites will include a site targeting a Pleistocene grounding zone wedge and its record of ice flow during the last glacial maximum, and a site targeting an expanded Holocene section that bears a record of high-frequency climate change.
>> Learn more about SHALDRIL